Area, 40,395 sq mi (104,623 sq km).
Pop. (2000) 4,369,356, a 7.38% increase since the 2000 census.
Largest city, Louisville.
Motto,United We Stand, Divided We Fall.
State bird, cardinal.
State flower, goldenrod.
State tree, Kentucky coffee tree.
Kentucky's climate is generally mild, with few extremes of heat and cold. Frankfort is the capital, Louisville and Lexington the largest cities. Little remains of Kentucky's great forests that once spread over three quarters of the state and were renowned for their size and density. Tourist attractions include the famous Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville and the celebrated horse farms surrounding Lexington in the heart of the bluegrass region. The Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site and Cumberland Gap National Historic Park are historic landmarks. At Fort Knox is the U.S. Depository.
Kentucky is noted for the distilling of Bourbon whiskey and for the breeding of thoroughbred racehorses. Tobacco, in which Kentucky is second only to North Carolina among U.S. producers, has long been the state's chief crop, and was formerly its chief farm product, followed by horses and mules, cattle, goats and corn. Dairy goods, hay, and soybeans are also important.
Kentucky derives the greatest share of its income, however, from industry. Even Lexington is industrialized. The state's chief manufactures include electrical equipment, food products, automobiles, nonelectrical machinery, chemicals, and apparel. Printing and publishing as well as tourism have become important industries. Kentucky is also one of the major U.S. producers of coal, the state's most valuable mineral; stone, petroleum, and natural gas are also extracted.
The average home price in the Lexington area is approximately $176,200 for a 3 bedroom, 2 bath home. Home prices are stable with a relatively neutral market (neither a buyer or seller market).
*Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Copyright (c) 2003. Other information promulgated by the state of Kentucky.